Constitution Day in Taiwan is on December 25. It marks the adoption of the Constitution of the ROC in 1946.
The first Constitution of the Republic of China was adopted in 1912 after the Xinhai Revolution that overthrew the Qing dynasty. It was a provisional constitution framed by the Provisional Government led by Sun Yat-sen. Another provisional constitution was promulgated in 1931 by the nationalist government led by Chiang Kai-shek.
The current Constitution of Taiwan was adopted in 1946 in the aftermath of the Second Sino-Japanese War. Chiang Kai-shek was pressured into adopting a democratic constitution that ended the one-party rule of the Kuomintang. The National Assembly adopted the Constitution on December 25th, 1946. The document came into effect one year later, on December 25th, 1947.
🗓️ Constitution Day is an observed holiday, all schools and businesses should still be running as usual. This event has lost its significance as it coincides with Christmas day, and many people recognize or celebrate the Christmas festivities instead.