Literary Day is a Chinese holiday celebrated annually in Taiwan on May 4. It commemorates the May Fourth Movement that emerged in the late 1910s.
The May Fourth Movement was an anti-imperialist, political, and cultural movement that emerged in the late 1910s. It grew out of student demonstrations that took place in the city of Beijing on May 4th, 1919. The protesters objected to weak response of the Chinese government to the Treaty of Versailles. Protests spread throughout the country and lead to the upsurge of Chinese nationalism.
The May Fourth Movement is closely tied with the New Culture Movement. This movement emerged in the mid 1910s due to the disillusionment with traditional Chinese culture. Its members called for creation of the new western-oriented culture. The May 4th demonstrations marked a shift from cultural activities to political mobilization.
Mazu, also spelt Matsu and Ma-tsu, is the Chinese patron goddess who is said to protect seafarers, such as fishermen and sailors.
The worship of Mazu began in the Song dynasty. Mazu is widely worshiped in the coastal regions of China, especially in Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Tianjin and Hainan.
She is also worshiped in Taiwan and other places in East/Southeast Asia. Her birthplace was Meizhou (湄州) in Putian County (莆田縣), Fujian Province. She was born in the year 960. Her family had the surname Lin (林). She had the name Lin Moniang (Chinese: 林默娘). She died on October 4th 987. After her death, she was remembered as a young lady in a red dress, who would forever roam over the seas.
Buddha’s Birthday is an observed holiday in Taiwan, traditionally celebrated in Mahayana Buddhism to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism.
According to the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures (from Pali, meaning “three baskets”), Gautama was born in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal, around the year 563 BCE, and raised in Kapilavastu.
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